Legend of Krampus

According to legend, Krampus is a horned, anthropomorphic figure described as "half-goat, half-demon", who, during the Christmas season, punishes children who have misbehaved. The legend of Krampus is part of a centuries-old Christmas tradition in Germany, where Christmas celebrations begin in early December. Krampus was created as a counterpart to kindly St. Nicholas, who rewarded children with sweets. In Austria and across the German-speaking Alpine region, the demonic character is a crucial part of the holiday season. He’s a devilish figure, with long horns and a goaty beard, much like typical portrayals of Satan.

Krampus purportedly shows up in towns the night before December 6, known as Krampusnacht, or Krampus Night. December 6 also happens to be Nikolaustag, or St. Nicholas Day, when German children look outside their door to see if the shoe or boot they'd left out the night before contains either presents (a reward for good behavior) or a rod (bad behavior).
The origin of the figure is unclear; some folklorists and anthropologists have postulated it as having pre-Christian origins which date back to pre-Germanic paganism in the region. His name originates with the German krampen, which means “claw,” and tradition has it that he is the son of the Norse god of the underworld, Hel.

During the 12th century, the Catholic Church attempted to banish Krampus celebrations because of his resemblance to the devil. More eradication attempts followed in 1934 at the hands of Austria’s conservative Christian Social Party. But none of it held, and Krampus emerged as a much-feared and beloved holiday force. But he got grafted onto Christian tradition as a sidekick of St. Nicholas, similar to figures like Zwarte Piet in the Netherlands and Knecht Ruprecht in Germany. Since the 17th century, the two have been linked in a sort of Christmasy yin-yang, with Krampus as St. Nicholas's dark companion.


Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krampus

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131217-krampus-christmas-santa-devil/


http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/krampus-could-come-you-holiday-season-180957438/

Pic Source:

A Christmas Horror Story [Motion Picture] (2015), Copperheart Entertainment

Legend of Krampus Legend of Krampus Reviewed by Tripzibit on December 25, 2017 Rating: 5

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